Python to Scrape News From Hacker News website with Full Source Code

Scrape News From Hacker News website

  • A script that scrapes a number of pages from HackerNews

Run the Script:

  • In command go to the file directory, and “run python” in commandline
Code language: CSS (css)

Source Code:

import requests import os from bs4 import BeautifulSoup, SoupStrainer # Makes Output Directory if it does not exist if not os.path.exists(os.path.join(os.getcwd(), 'HackerNews')): os.makedirs(os.path.join(os.getcwd(), 'HackerNews')) ''' @params page_no: The page number of HackerNews to fetch. Adding only page number in order to add multiprocess support in future. @params verbose: Adds verbose output to screen instead of running the program silently. ''' def fetch(page_no, verbose=False): # Should be unreachable, but just in case if page_no <= 0: raise ValueError('Number of Pages must be greater than zero') page_no = min(page_no, 20) i = page_no if verbose: print('Fetching Page {}...'.format(i)) try: res = requests.get('' + str(i)) only_td = SoupStrainer('td') soup = BeautifulSoup(res.content, 'html.parser', parse_only=only_td) tdtitle = soup.find_all('td', attrs={'class': 'title'}) tdmetrics = soup.find_all('td', attrs={'class': 'subtext'}) with open(os.path.join('HackerNews', 'NewsPage{}.txt'.format(i)), 'w+') as f: f.write('-' * 80) f.write('\n') f.write('Page {}'.format(i)) tdtitle = soup.find_all('td', attrs={'class': 'title'}) tdrank = soup.find_all( 'td', attrs={ 'class': 'title', 'align': 'right'}) tdtitleonly = [t for t in tdtitle if t not in tdrank] tdmetrics = soup.find_all('td', attrs={'class': 'subtext'}) tdt = tdtitleonly tdr = tdrank tdm = tdmetrics num_iter = min(len(tdr), len(tdt)) for idx in range(num_iter): f.write('\n' + '-' * 80 + '\n') rank = tdr[idx].find('span', attrs={'class': 'rank'}) titl = tdt[idx].find('a', attrs={'class': 'storylink'}) url = titl['href'] if titl and titl['href'].startswith( 'https') else '' + titl['href'] site = tdt[idx].find('span', attrs={'class': 'sitestr'}) score = tdm[idx].find('span', attrs={'class': 'score'}) time = tdm[idx].find('span', attrs={'class': 'age'}) author = tdm[idx].find('a', attrs={'class': 'hnuser'}) f.write( '\nArticle Number: ' + rank.text.replace( '.', '') if rank else '\nArticle Number: Could not get article number') f.write( '\nArticle Title: ' + titl.text if titl else '\nArticle Title: Could not get article title') f.write( '\nSource Website: ' + site.text if site else '\nSource Website:') f.write( '\nSource URL: ' + url if url else '\nSource URL: No URL found for this article') f.write( '\nArticle Author: ' + author.text if author else '\nArticle Author: Could not get article author') f.write( '\nArticle Score: ' + score.text if score else '\nArticle Score: Not Scored') f.write( '\nPosted: ' + time.text if time else '\nPosted: Could not find when the article was posted') f.write('\n' + '-' * 80 + '\n') except (requests.ConnectionError, requests.packages.urllib3.exceptions.ConnectionError) as e: print('Connection Failed for page {}'.format(i)) except requests.RequestException as e: print("Some ambiguous Request Exception occurred. The exception is " + str(e)) while(True): try: pages = int( input('Enter number of pages that you want the HackerNews for (max 20): ')) v = input('Want verbose output y/[n] ?') verbose = v.lower().startswith('y') if pages > 20: print('A maximum of only 20 pages can be fetched') pages = min(pages, 20) for page_no in range(1, pages + 1): fetch(page_no, verbose) break except ValueError: print('\nInvalid input, probably not a positive integer\n') continue
Code language: PHP (php)

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