Python to Organize Files in a Directory in Alphabetical Order with Full Source Code For Beginners

Script to organize files in a directory (Alphabetical Order):

Run the script:

  • Open on device using a python IDE
  • Run the script
Code language: CSS (css)
  • The folder will be generated and files will be moved accordingly.

Source Code:

''' This script will sort and move the files in the directory (the alphabetical order). 'apple.txt' --> 'A' 'ryan.txt' --> 'R' '01010.txt' --> 'Misc' ''' import os import shutil filenames = [] def getfoldername(filename): ''' 'Test.txt' --> 't' '010.txt' --> 'misc' 'zebra.txt' --> 'z' 'Alpha@@.txt' --> 'a' '!@#.txt' --> 'misc' ''' if filename[0].isalpha(): return filename[0].lower() else: return 'misc' def readdirectory(): ''' read the filename in the current directory and append them to a list ''' global filenames for files in os.listdir(os.getcwd()): if os.path.isfile(os.path.join(os.getcwd(), files)): filenames.append(files) filenames.remove('') # removing script from the file list # getting the first letters of the file & creating a file in the current_dir def createfolder(): ''' creating a folders ''' global filenames for f in filenames: if os.path.isdir(getfoldername(f)): print("folder already created") else: os.mkdir(getfoldername(f)) print('creating folder...') # moving the file into the proper folder def movetofolder(): ''' movetofolder('','z') ''(moved to) 'z' ''' global filenames for i in filenames: filename = i file = getfoldername(i) source = os.path.join(os.getcwd(), filename) destination = os.path.join(os.getcwd(), file) print(f"moving {source} to {destination}") shutil.move(source, destination) if __name__ == '__main__': readdirectory() createfolder() movetofolder()
Code language: PHP (php)

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